Download The Thousand and One Churches by William M. Ramsay, Gertrude L. Bell, Robert G. Ousterhout, PDF

By William M. Ramsay, Gertrude L. Bell, Robert G. Ousterhout, Mark P. C. Jackson

Published in 1909 and lengthy out of print, The Thousand and One Churches is still a seminal learn of the postclassical monuments of Anatolia. Now a brand new new release of readers can study of the large continues to be of the sprawling early Christian web site often called Binbirkilise ("Thousand and One Churches," close to Konya), excavated via Ramsay and Bell in 1907. The e-book offers broad research of different early Christian and Byzantine websites throughout Anatolia that Bell visited at the moment. simply because a few of the monuments have lengthy seeing that disappeared, this documentation is now important, and Bell's broad pictures offer a special view of shuttle and archaeology greater than a century ago.

For this new version greater than 250 top quality digitized pictures from the Gertrude Bell Archive at Newcastle college (UK) substitute the unique illustrations, and the editors' Foreword lays out the old and cultural context for the project. Ousterhout and Jackson recount the lives and careers of the 2 authors and the story in their collaboration at the excavation and next book.

Publication was once supported by means of a provide from the Joukowsky family members Foundation.

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850 conditions became ameliorated in Central and Western Anatolia. The semicircle of fortresses which crown high points in Kara Dagh, Karadja Dagh, Arissama Dagh, Hassan Dagh, with "the Mother of Castles " (Zengibar Kale, Kyzistra) on the plains of Erjish,1 and others, seem to have been nearly sufficient to restrict the range of the Arab raids which came through the pass of the Cilician Gates; and the population of the Kara Dagh began to resume courage and to reoccupy the exposed site of Bin Bir Kilisse.

Epigraphic evidence shows that Nos. 1 and 6 were early, possibly of the fifth or sixth century; and all three have been restored in a similar style during the ninth or the tenth century, which forms on our view a clear proof that the original structures were older than the Arab conquest (see p. 14). Even in the Byzantine period, to which almost all our discoveries belong, we have learned little about the actual history of the city, but something about the forces and tendencies which were operating in the social conditions of the central plateau of Asia Minor.

It seems reasonable to suppose that the ritual of the Black Mountain passed through the same stages about the same times. That is exactly the view which had suggested itself from our examination of 1 The words of Nilus and of Sulpicius Severus (see next sentence in the text) are quoted by Meister in the article just quoted (Rh. , 1909, p. ). Sulpicius, a Gaul, quotes the account given by Postumianus, who had seen Sinai and the monasteries of the East. 2 This, of course, merely means that no one went there ; but it furnishes a complete proof that there was no church on the peak, and that Christian pilgrimages to it had not yet begun.

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