By D. V. Averin, K. K. Likharev (auth.), Dr. Hans Koch, Dr. Heinz Lübbig (eds.)
Single-electron tunneling (SET) and comparable phenomena have lately end up regarded as "hot topics". This additionally grew to become obvious after we equipped the 4th overseas convention on Superconducting and Quantum impact units and Their purposes, SQUID'91, which was once held June 18-21, 1991, in Berlin, Germany. inspired via the variety of contributions devoted to the hot physics of ultrasmall units, we deemed it applicable to dedicate this quantity of the Springer sequence in Electronics and Photonics to those really expert court cases. the opposite contributions provided at SQUID'91, that are extra traditional in personality yet however include excitingly cutting edge effects, are released individually as quantity sixty four of the sequence Springer court cases in Physics. first and foremost look it kind of feels unusual convention abbreviated SQUID'91 may still allure such a lot of papers on non-superconducting units, and in reality the 1st SQUID'XX meetings dealt solely with the physics and expertise of Josephson junctions, SQUIDs and different superconducting units and their ap plications. in spite of the fact that, many innovations constructed for superconducting units, like tunneling, flux quantization, and flux-charge conjugation, compatible for ultrasmall non-superconducting buildings to boot, and plenty of researchers within the box of superconducting units prolonged their actions for this reason. therefore the extension of the convention programme developed relatively informally. in the meantime, the conferences tested themselves as famous convention sequence culture best friend liked by means of the SQUID neighborhood for its balanced mix of physics and know-how, assessment and preview. SQUID'XX turned a type of a trademark.
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Extra info for Single-Electron Tunneling and Mesoscopic Devices: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference SQUID ’91 (Sessions on SET and Mesoscopic Devices), Berlin, Fed. Rep. of Germany, June 18–21, 1991
It has been both fruitful and enjoyable to work with them. F. Orfila for technical assistance at all stages of this work. N. Cleland, H. B. Williams. References 1. V. K. Likharev, J. Low Temp. Phys. 62,345 (1986). 2. A. Fulton and G. J. Dolan, Phys. Rev. Lett. A. L. J. N. J. Dolan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1307 (1989). 43 3. V. A. Odintsov, Phys. Lett. A 140,251 (1989). 4. -L. Ingold, this volume. 5. U. Geigenmiiller and G. Schon, Europhys. Lett. S. S. I. Serdyukova, IEEE Trans. Mag. 25,2 (1989). 6.
1J. As we discussed in the introduction, the metallic island between the junction and the capacitor is electrically isolated except for the very weak coupling to the charge reservoir provided by the tunnel element. The electrostatic energy of the entire circuit for a configuration with n electrons in the island is (3) where Q= OsU is the polarizing charge. 5 2 CsU/e Fig. 3. 1 (dashed line) and 10 (dotted line). In (b) the fluctuations are plotted in units of ()1/2, which corresponds to the fluctuations on a true capacitor connected to a resistor at temperature T.
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