By K. Widerquist
Independence, Propertylessness, and uncomplicated source of revenue argues that philosophers have concentrated an excessive amount of on scalar freedom and proposes a concept of prestige freedom as powerful keep an eye on self-ownership: the facility to have or refuse energetic cooperation with different keen humans, or just: freedom because the energy to decline.
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Extra info for Independence, Propertylessness, and Basic Income: A Theory of Freedom as the Power to Say No
First, although any theory of status freedom must identify a threshold that divides freedom and unfreedom, that threshold does not need to be a fine line. There is likely to be a large area of restricted freedom or threatened freedom in between full freedom and full unfreedom. To insist on a fine line would be to assert the black-and-white fallacy. For example, gradually adding molecules of black paint to a white paint slowly changes it to grey and to black. No nonarbitrary line divides white from grey or grey from black, but it is fallacious to conclude, therefore, that white and black are essentially the same thing or that they do not identify meaningful or meaningfully distinct categories.
But this solution leaves an individual with the same unfreedom as the propertyless under right-libertarian capitalism—compelled to serve goals chosen by someone else at whatever terms those others demand, whether or not the individual voluntarily agrees. Without the power to refuse participation, an individual has only as much control over INTRODUCTION 21 the terms and goals of her work as the group in control allows. An egalitarian project that leaves the propertyless in this state of unfreedom has left them to the mercy of the powerful.
As long as these rules are not one-sided, are truly designed only to keep everyone out of each other’s way, and do not threaten core well-being, they need not threaten status freedom in the way that rules mandating active cooperation in some project inherently do. My use of the term “independence” applies only to independence from active participation on others’ projects. Therefore it relies on the distinction between passive and active cooperation. 26 The command “don’t come over here,” which is phrased negatively, can be used equivalently to the command “stay over there,” which is phrased positively.