By N Maxted, B Ford-Lloyd, S.P. Kell, J Iriondo, E Dulloo, J Turok
Crop wild kinfolk (CWR) are species heavily with regards to crop vegetation which may give a contribution priceless qualities, akin to pest or sickness resistance and yield development. those species are serious for bettering agricultural creation and lengthening meals safety. also they are crucial parts of normal and semi-natural habitats in addition to agricultural platforms, and are hence important in conserving environment overall healthiness. besides the fact that, CWR, like all different workforce of untamed species, are topic to an expanding diversity of threats: habitat loss, degradation and mismanagement, over-collection and weather swap. via an exam of the nationwide, neighborhood and international context of CWR, those authoritative reviews current methodologies and case reviews that evaluation and supply options for international conservation and use. subject matters variety from the institution of conservation priorities and methods, danger evaluate and genetic erosion and pollutants.
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Additional info for Crop Wild Relative Conservation and Use (Cabi Publishing)
1997). org) and European Forest Genetic Resources Programme (EUFORGEN). Both networks are collaborative programmes involving European countries and are aimed at facilitating long-term conservation on a cooperative basis and the increased sustainable utilization of PGR in Europe. Within the context of CWR conservation it should be noted that the ECP/GR ‘Task Force on wild species conservation in genetic reserves’ has as its prime objective the establishment and development of a CWR inventory for Europe and the raising of public awareness of the importance of, and need for, CWR diversity, as well as the assessment of taxonomic and genetic diversity of European CWR and the development of methods to conserve CWR diversity.
3 ‘Assessing and conserving biodiversity’ (see PGR Forum, 2003– 2005). It provided a European forum for the assessment of taxonomic and genetic diversity of European CWR and the development of appropriate methodologies for their conservation. To achieve this broad aim, PGR Forum had five subordinate objectives: 1. Debate the assessment and conservation of European CWR at both the species and component population levels. 2. Produce a European inventory of baseline biodiversity data, threat and conservation status for CWR.
However, Maxted et al. 1). It is interesting to note the close correlation between the applications of the two concepts for this crop. Thus, the combined use of the gene pool and taxon group concepts provides the best pragmatic means available to determine whether a species is a CWR and how closely a wild relative is related to the associated crop. A working definition of a CWR was also provided by Maxted et al. (2006): A crop wild relative is a wild plant taxon that has an indirect use derived from its relatively close genetic relationship to a crop; this relationship is defined in terms of the CWR belonging to gene pools 1 or 2, or taxon groups 1 to 4 of the crop.