By Brian Edwards, Magda Sibley, Mohammad Hakmi, Peter Land
Courtyard housing is likely one of the oldest varieties of household improvement spanning a minimum of 2000 years and taking place in designated shape in lots of areas of the area. normally linked to the center East the place weather and tradition have given form to a specific form of courtyard housing, different examples exist in Latin the US, China and in Europe, the place the version has been reinterpreted. This publication demonstrates, via discussions on sustainability and neighborhood identification, and through a chain of case reports, technical making plans and layout strategies, that the courtyard housing shape has a destiny in addition to a prior.
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Extra info for Courtyard Housing: Past, Present and Future
While it is reasonable to assume that the territories of the Roman Empire were influenced by the domus up to at least the fifth century, no trace of it can be found in parts of central Italy (including Rome), southern Italy (excluding the Naples area), and Provence. 22 Perhaps the reason for the dispersed presence of the courtyard house lies in the continuity of Byzantine culture; in areas that had been abandoned by the empire, the revival of building was based on a relatively retrogressive type almost consistent with the elementary cell.
It is usually vaulted. The form can be applied to a platform or an entire building. For a detailed discussion of the monumental iwan, see Iwan in the Encyclopaedia of Islam, 2nd edn, London, Brill. David, Le waafirp, as a Alep (1063–1653) Paris, Institute Francais de Parras 1982. Cerasi, La città del Levante, Milan, 1986, 176 ff. Eldem, Turkish House: Ottoman Period, vol. 1, Istanbul, Eserlerin, 1984. , pp. 26–31, for the planimetric drawings, in part reproduced in figure 68. Eldem vehemently rejects the idea of a marked Byzantine influence, arguing that no trace of the Byzantine house exists in Istanbul.
Habitable rooms may be grouped on two, three or even four sides of the courtyard, but the main family accommodation is commonly divided between The shared characteristics of Iranian and Arab courtyard houses 33 the north and south sides. In the traditional courtyard houses of Iraq the family may spend much of their time in a semi-open space at the south-eastern end of the courtyard. Below this is the basement sardab or sirdab, where they take their summer afternoon siesta. The flanking south-western wall may be blank and left unused (see Al-Azzawi 1969) because of the high temperature.