Download Coptic Monasteries: Egypt’s Monastic Art and Architecture by Gawdat Gabra PDF

By Gawdat Gabra

Egypt, the birthplace of communal monasticism, has a wealthy shop of monasteries and monastic paintings. Coptic Monasteries takes the reader on a travel of the simplest preserved and most vital of those historic spiritual facilities, documenting in exhaustive element the richness and the honour of the Coptic heritage.
An informative advent through Tim Vivian brings to existence the early Christian period, with historical past info at the origins of the Coptic Church in addition to its rites and ceremonies, sketches of a few of monasticism's founding figures, and bills of a few of the problems they confronted, from spiritual schism to nomadic attacks.
Gawdat Gabra's specialist observation, complemented via virtually 100 full-color pictures of newly restored wall work and architectural positive factors, covers monasteries from Aswan to Wadi al-Natrun. Ranging throughout one thousand years of historical past, Gabra's observations will make any reader knowledgeable at the composition and content material of a few of Egypt's most eminent spiritual paintings, the salient architectural positive aspects of every monastery, in addition to the continued technique of recovery that has back a lot in their unique vibrancy to those works.

A targeted and necessary old list, Coptic Monasteries is both an in-depth, on-the-spot advisor to those dwelling monuments or an armchair journey again in time to the roots of 1 of the world's oldest Christian traditions.

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Extra info for Coptic Monasteries: Egypt’s Monastic Art and Architecture

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These communities were undoubtedly semi-anchoritic, like Kellia and Scetis, in their early years, rather than cenobitic like the communities of Pachomius and Shenute. The monks lived in individual cells, separate from each other, and gathered together on Saturday and Sunday for a communal meal and worship. The organization was minimal, with an abba as leader, and without a formal rule. However, a centripetal tendency, primarily for reasons of safety and security, gradually brought the monks together in more of a cenobitic community behind great walls, as one sees today in the monasteries of Egypt.

Michael. The monastery’s main church is dedicated to St. Pshoi. It has been restored and extended several times. It had been suggested that the most ancient parts of the church do not predate the fifth attack on the monasteries of Wadi al-Natrun, The keep of the Monastery of St. Pshoi The Monasteries of Wadi al-Natrun 29 Church of St. Pshoi (after Evelyn-White 1933, pl. 37) 30 The Monasteries of Wadi al-Natrun which occurred between 830 and 848. The church is older than this. It once had a three-aisled nave with a western return aisle, a khurus, and a tripartite sanctuary.

The Church of the Holy Virgin Mary, situated near the western side of the wall, is the main church of the monastery. It originates from the last decade of the sixth or the beginning of the seventh century. The church is thus the oldest preserved in Wadi al-Natrun. It is a basilica with a khurus, a room preceding the sanctuary, which was added to the church, presumably in the eighth or the ninth century. The central sanctuary was rebuilt in the thirteenth century. A dome on squinches was added during the pontificate of Patriarch Gabriel III (1269-1271).

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