Download Controlled Natural Language: 5th International Workshop, CNL by Brian Davis, Gordon J. Pace, Adam Wyner PDF

By Brian Davis, Gordon J. Pace, Adam Wyner

This ebook constitutes the refereed complaints of the fifth foreign Workshop on managed typical Language, CNL 2016, held in Aberdeen, united kingdom, in July 2016. The eleven complete papers offered have been rigorously reviewed and chosen from 15 submissions. the themes diversity from common languages that are managed, to managed languages with a common language flavour; and from extra theoretical effects to interfaces, reasoning engines and real-life functions of CNLs.

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Additional resources for Controlled Natural Language: 5th International Workshop, CNL 2016, Aberdeen, UK, July 25-27, 2016, Proceedings

Sample text

IsiZulu: Bonke abafana ... Runyankore: Abishiki boona (from u- + -onke) (always buri) (from ba- + -onke) (from ba- + -ona) Simple Taxonomic Subsumption. Verbalizations of in Runyankore and isiZulu both depend on the first letter of the superclass. In isiZulu, the right copulative was selected based on the first letter of the noun of the superclass (ng for nouns starting with a-, o-, or u-, else y) [13]. In Runyankore, ni is used if the superclass starts with a consonant, and n’ otherwise. For example, the verbalization of Giraf f e Animal (‘each giraffe is an animal’): isiZulu: indlulamithi yisilwane Runyankore: entwiga n’enyamishwa If the subsumption is followed by negation, then the verbalization changes for both isiZulu and Runyankore.

It was later adopted and further developed in the integration of typing assistants, either destined to typing aids for people with disabilities or, more recently, to predictive typing features for mobile phones and information retrieval applications [8]. ) determine the design of the system and the potential gains that can be extracted from it [8]. The most simplistic word prediction systems available use word frequency and the character context already typed by the user to predict the ending of the current word.

In isiZulu, the verbalization for subsumption and negation are combined into one term and the copulative is omitted, regardless the quantifiers in the verbalization [13]. Runyankore simply replaces ni for ti (‘is not’); the noun after ¬ drops its initial vowel if it has one. This is illustrated for Cup ¬Glass (‘each cup is not a glass’): isiZulu: zonke izindebe aziyona ingilazi Runyankore: Ekikopo ti girasi (preferred verbalisation [14]) Conjunction. isiZulu verbalizes depending on whether ‘and’ is used for a list of things or to connect clauses; in the former case, na is used and kanye or futhi for the latter [13].

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