By Jan Breckenridge, Lesley Laing
Within the Nineteen Seventies, the silence sourrounding sexual and household violence used to be damaged and feminists demanded prone to handle the matter. within the Nineteen Eighties, governments funded group programmes to supply providers for sufferers. The Nineties observed a backlash opposed to the sufferers of sexual violence and companies supplied for his or her aid. this article assesses the country of play with sexual and family violence. It examines the effectiveness of present providers within the context of either Australian and overseas legislation and coverage. It appears at leading edge advancements in perform and study, and descriptions thoughts that are proving winning in aiding sufferers and addressing offenders' responsibility and accountability.
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Additional info for Challenging Silence: Innovative Responses to Sexual & Domestic Violence (Studies in Society (Sydney, N.S.W.).)
THE COLLUSIVE MOTHER When social scientists first began writing about incest, the mother of the sexually abused child was ignored (Bender & Blau 1937). With the advent of family therapy, however, new constructions of sexual abuse developed which shifted the focus from the provocative child victim or the deviant abuser to dysfunctional family interaction (Lustig et al. 1966). In this process, the mother’s behaviour and position increasingly became the centre of attention and the role of the offender in the abuse was marginalised.
Giving up his ‘erroneous’ view allowed Freud to participate again FINAL ART c: ALLEN & UNWIN r: DP1\BP2807W\MAIN p: (02) 9438 3722 f: (02) 9438 3733 92 CHANDOS STREET ST LEONARDS NSW 2065 17 140 × 215 18 CHALLENGING SILENCE in a medical society that had earlier ostracised him. By 1908, respected physicians had joined Freud and the psychoanalytic movement was born. But it is important to point out that an important ‘truth’ had been left behind—that of the victim of child sexual assault. An astonishing retraction For Freud to successfully recant his theory of seduction, he had to completely reverse the professional context that he himself had created.
Women who did not fit the scenario of the ‘collusive’ mother in the incest triangle were never discussed. Intra-familial child sexual abuse that remained within the domain of the family therapist, but in which the abuser was not the mother’s partner, was rarely mentioned even though it is more common (Russell 1986). Similarly, the actions of the protective mother were rarely examined. Feminist writers of the 1980s mounted a challenge to the construction of the ‘collusive’ mother (Ward 1984). They criticised the terms, assumptions and evidence used by clinicians.