Download Cereals processing technology by Gavin Owens PDF

By Gavin Owens

Cereals processing is without doubt one of the oldest and most crucial of all foodstuff applied sciences. Written through a special overseas workforce of members, Cereals Processing expertise stories the diversity of cereal items and applied sciences used to supply them. it really is designed for all these fascinated about cereals processing, no matter if uncooked fabric manufacturers and refiners desiring to check the wishes of secondary processors benchmarking their operations opposed to the easiest costs of their zone and throughout cereals processing as an entire. half 1 seems at cereal and flour construction, with chapters on cereal and creation equipment and flour milling. there's additionally a bankruptcy at the more and more vital and arguable zone of cereal biotechnology and its software to wheat, barley, rice, and maize. half 2 appears at how those uncooked fabrics are then processed into ultimate items for the patron. There are chapters on rice and rice product construction, pasta and Asian noodle processing, the manufacture of breakfast cereals, malting, and breadmaking. Chapters examine the expanding range of cereal items, at present most sensible perform in production procedures, and rising developments within the applied sciences for specific items. Cereals Processing expertise offers an authoritative advisor to a few of the most important technological advancements either inside specific sectors and throughout cereals processing as a complete.

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2001 Woodhead Publishing Ltd. 3 The flour milling process There are a number of aspects of the overall process of flour milling that are particular to it and are not to be found in other industries. Thus a group of terms are used which would be unfamiliar to individuals not acquainted with the process. This section aims to provide a brief introduction to the process and the terms employed to describe aspects of it. Posner and Hibbs (1997) describe the process in greater depth and the reader is urged to consult this book for further insight into the process.

These are gyratorytype sieving machines, which have several compartments capable of handling different materials simultaneously. ©2001 Woodhead Publishing Ltd. 2 Machine construction Significant changes have occurred in the way machines are built. Steel has replaced timber as the material of choice for the construction of plansifters. 5 This has made the roller mill much lighter than its cast iron predecessors and this has had implications for machine cost and building design. The advent of the roll pack has also dramatically reduced roll replacement times.

Once the grain has been harvested it is difficult to improve its quality, although quality can easily be destroyed by conditions during harvest and subsequent drying and storage. Indeed grain quality can start to deteriorate in the field prior to harvest. Rainfall prior and during the harvest period can encourage ear diseases and premature sprouting, whilst high grain moisture levels will necessitate increased drying costs. For example, delaying the wheat harvest can result in grain with high -amylase content, lower specific weight and protein contents, factors that will seriously reduce the quality of the grain for breadmaking.

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