By Olga F. Linares
The Jola (Diola) are extensive wet-rice cultivators within the reduce Casamance zone of Senegal. during this learn, the writer examines the explanations at the back of startling contrasts within the association of agricultural initiatives between 3 Jola groups positioned inside a 45-kilometre radius from Ziguinchor. In Sambujat, located within the non-Islamisized quarter south of the river, rainy rice is a monocrop cultivated via either women and men. In Jipalom, within the Kajamutay quarter north of the river, Islam and funds cropping were followed; and in Fatiya, within the so-called 'Mandingized' zone of the Kalunay, social family became hierarchical and this has had profound results at the cropping approach and at the department of labour. the writer examines the shift of strength kinfolk over the years, and their results at the means within which construction has been geared up through age and gender, family and sophistication. higher matters handled are Islamization, women's labour and the creation of money cropping. A concluding part locations the historical past of Jola labour family in the context of the political financial system of Senegal.
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