By P. N. Ravindran, K.J. Madhusoodanan
Cardamom differently referred to as Malabar cardamom, precise cardamom or small cardamom moment purely to pepper in its significance throughout the Renaissance interval, is usually certified because the Queen of Spices as a result of its very friendly aroma and flavor. The Western Ghat wooded area of the Malabar coast, India, is the guts of starting place and variety for cardamom and it could possibly were nature's layout that the King and Queen of spices (black pepper and cardamom) originated within the similar forest.This quantity includes 16 chapters, fourteen on cardamom and one every one on huge cardamom and fake cardamoms. All points of the cardamom crop were lined during this quantity, and every bankruptcy is written through specialists of their respective fields. This quantity is visualized as either a textbook and reference paintings for scientists and scholars of horticulture, plantation plants, botany and similar fields, and may pass directly to function the most reference quantity on cardamom for a few years to come back.
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Extra resources for Cardamom: The Genus Elettaria (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial Profiles)
1992). 2). The flowers have the typical morphology of zingiberaceous flower. m. m. m. in the morning. Flowers wither within a day. Normally, flowering is seen all the year round on panicles produced during the same year as well as on panicles produced in the previous year. Flowering is spread over a period of 6 months from May–October in India when majority of the cardamom areas receive the southwest monsoon. Almost 75 per cent of flowers are produced during June–August. , 1989). 2 Flower morphology Flowers are bisexual, zygomorphic, and open in succession from base towards apex.
The Sri Lankan wild cardamom (E. ensal) is much larger, elongate, angular and distinctly three sided. 5–1 mm thick having rough woody texture. The capsule has three locules, septa is membranous and placentation axile. The seeds are five to eight in each locule and they adhere together to form a mass. Transverse section of a pericarp shows outer and inner epidermis consisting of small polygonal cells and a mesocarp of thin-walled, closely packed, parenchymatous cells. Vascular bundles traverse the mesocarp; each bundle consists of a few xylem vessels, phloem and a sclerenchymatous sheath partially surrounding the vascular elements.
However, Bernhard et al. (1971) and Rajapakse et al. (1979) provided chemical evidence substantiating the distinct nature of Sri Lankan wild cardamom (see Chapter 16 also). 1 Anatomy Tomlinson (1969) and Mercy et al. (1977) carried out preliminary anatomical studies on aerial stem, rhizome, leaf sheath and root of cardamom plants. Aerial stems of leafy shoot has the typical monocot structure with numerous closed collateral endarch vascular bundles scattered in the ground parenchyma (Fig. 3). The stem is solid.