By Klaus-Dieter Althoff, Raimund L. Feldmann, Wolfgang Müller
The value of creation and use of top of the range software program continues to be transforming into, as an increasing number of companies rely on details expertise. good informed, hugely expert, and skilled staff represent the location in such a lot businesses within the constructed international locations. more and more they interact in transitority networks with geographically allotted places of work. utilizing and constructing their wisdom is a key factor in gaining aggressive merits. we now have realized in the course of fresh years that the alternate and improvement of information (which we name studying) calls for loads of human interplay. even though, it truly is well known that info platforms will, in lots of circumstances, allow the sharing of expertise throughout dispensed companies and act as an information repository. A studying software program association (LSO) will flip highbrow Capital into marketplace stocks and revenue, because it establishes the capacity to regulate its wisdom. The LSO workshop sequence used to be created in 1999 to supply a verbal exchange discussion board that addresses the questions of organizational studying from a software program perspective and builds upon present paintings on wisdom administration and Organizational studying. It goals at bringing jointly practitioners and researchers for an open trade of expertise with successes and screw ups in organizational studying. correct from the start, fostering interdisciplinary techniques and supplying a chance to profit approximately new rules has been a valuable factor of the workshop sequence. The suggestions that we have got bought in recent times has inspired us to proceed our paintings for a greater knowing of the setup and working of studying software program Organizations.
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Additional info for Advances in Learning Software Organizations: Third International Workshop, LSO 2001 Kaiserslautern, Germany, September 12–13, 2001 Proceedings
Coordination mechanisms can also be distinguished concerning the hierarchical position of the transfer partners. At Andersen Consulting best practices as determined by a superior unit are distributed via CD-ROM . This is an example of a hierarchical or vertical coordination of knowledge supply and demand. In contrast, lateral or horizontal mechanisms focus on facilitating knowledge transfer between software developers directly. An example is the so-called space management that is based on the fact that physical proximity eases knowledge transfer.
In the context of software development, innovation effects should contribute mainly to increased effectiveness. Looking at these briefly described distinct benefits of knowledge transfers, it seems to be obvious that measures being suitable for realizing leverage effects cannot equally promote innovation effects at the same time. This leads to the thesis that two basic forms of managing knowledge transfer can be distinguished, one facilitating mainly leverage effects and one fostering innovation effects.
And of course, applying knowledge to different tasks may lead to improvement of the knowledge itself. Finally, leveraging knowledge reduces the risk of knowledge losses. Some authors call the leverage effect the reuse economics of knowledge management . The term reuse stresses the main contribution of leveraging existing knowledge for software development, that is increasing efficiency of development. The innovation effect is based on creating links between formerly unconnected elements of the organizational knowledge system.