Download Abbeys Monasteries and Priories Explained. Britain's Living by Trevor Yorke PDF

By Trevor Yorke

Abbeys of the center a while stay one of the most marvelous of non secular structures. They have been equipped with a company feel of devotion, and without fee spared, by means of groups which had a religion dependent upon venerable recognize for the facility and authority of the Church. The grace and majesty in their development, and the gorgeous rural settings of such a lot of, cause them to an ideal vacation spot for viewers all year long. Trevor Yorke, utilizing diagrams, pictures and illustrations, explains the background of those constructions and describes how they have been utilized in the centuries ahead of the nice Dissolution via Henry VIII in 1536, which left so much of them in ruins.

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This downturn, though, was nothing compared to the horrors that lay around the corner. In the summer of 1348, ships arriving at ports along the Dorset coast unwittingly imported rats infested with fleas, the carriers of the bubonic and pneumonic plagues that had decimated Asia and Europe. The Black Death had arrived. The Abbey in this Period FOUNDATIONS AND SITES By the early 1200s, the explosion of monastic foundations was petering out. During the 12th century it had been the kings and nobility who had endowed new houses but now it was minor barons and local lords who followed the fashion of advertising their status by establishing a monastery.

As most religious orders had regular contact with their founding abbeys on the other side of the Channel it was inevitable that the latest architectural fashions there should easily pass over to our shores. Although trickier to build, the pointed arch was more flexible and graceful. Over here we tended to use it in a style that became known as ‘Early English’. Steeply pointed, arched doors and tall, thin windows known as lancets, set in pairs or groups of three and five, were popular. 11). Now masonry ceilings supported by curving stone ribs (rib vaulting) could span larger spaces and were found covering the central body of the church and hiding the wooden trusses that held the steeply pitched roof above it.

6: A view of a 13th century abbey church with a cut out exposing the interior and labels highlighting the style of its various features. During the 13th century, larger windows were designed, at first with simple openings appearing to be cut out of a flat piece of stone – known as plate tracery – then from the mid 13th century the more familiar bar tracery became common, using bands of stone to make more elaborate shapes. This developed into dramatic sinuous (curvilinear) patterns marking the Decorated style, which dominated ecclesiastical architecture in the early 14th century.

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