By Donald Harreld
The Companion to the Hanseatic League discusses the significance of the Hanseatic League for the social and monetary heritage of pre-modern northern Europe. validated already as early because the 12th century, the cities that shaped the Hanseatic League created an immense community of trade in the course of the Baltic and North Sea sector. From Russia within the east, to England and France within the west, the towns of the Hanseatic League created an enormous northern maritime exchange community. the purpose of this quantity is to offer a "state" of the sector English-language quantity by means of probably the most revered Hanse students. participants are Mike Burkhardt, Ulf Christian Ewert, Rolf Hammel-Kiesow, Donald J. Harreld, Carsten Jahnke, Michael North, Jurgen Sarnowsky and Stephan Selzer.
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Additional info for A Companion to the Hanseatic League
In 1229 these merchants had forged a trade agreement with the prince in Riga. On their way through Novgorod and by means of their trade on the Duna, it is probable that the early Hansard merchants also brought Oriental luxury goods into the economic centers of northwestern Europe. , Der hansische Sonderweg? , Bd. 39 (Cologne: Böhlau-Verlag, 1993), 1–12. 58 Heinrici Chronicon Livoniae, i, c. 11, 8f. , i, c. 2, 4f. 60 Urban, Crusade; Fonnesberg-Schmidt, Popes; Murray, Crusade and Conversion. 61 As early as the 1170s or 1180s, a rotunda church was built in Smolensk by local contractors on the grounds of the “German Court” (named so later in the thirteenth century).
These were the first associations of the early Hanse to consist of merchants gathered from a collection of various individual traveling companies. In response, these merchants and their companies discontinued their competition with each other and thus constituted universitas mercatorum in arrangements that differed from town to town though part of the comprehensive universitas mercatorum. This is very obvious in the trade treaties of the twelfth and first half of the thirteenth centuries as in the case of the 1229 treaty the Prince of Smolensk concluded with the long distance traders from Riga, Visby, Lübeck, Soest, Munster, Dortmund, and Bremen.
34 Hammel-Kiesow From the thirteenth to the nineteenth centuries, the agricultural and forestry products of this hinterland region, including grain, wood, ashes, pitch, and more, were precisely those provisions and raw materials needed by the densely populated ‘industrial nations’ of the Late Middle Ages and Early Modern Times. Such nations included Flanders, Brabant, the northern Netherlands, and England. Consequently, from the fourteenth century, the Dutch, Zealanders, and the English had all tried and eventually succeeded in eliminating the Hanseatic transit trade and purchasing these goods directly from their respective production areas.