Download A Companion to American Technology (Blackwell Companions to by Carroll Pursell PDF

By Carroll Pursell

A significant other to American expertise is a groundbreaking number of unique essays that research the hard-to-define phenomenon of “technology” in the United States. 22 unique essays via specialist students hide an important positive aspects of yankee expertise, together with advancements in vehicles, tv, and computingAnalyzes the ways that applied sciences are prepared, comparable to within the engineering career, executive, drugs and agricultureIncludes discussions of the way applied sciences have interaction with race, gender, type, and different organizing buildings in American society

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The cost of mailing a letter through the newly established post office clearly shows the enormous expense of travel and communication: “For every letter composed of a single sheet of paper, not exceeding 40 miles, 8 cents; over 40 miles and not exceeding 90 miles, 10 cents; over 90 miles . . , 12½ cents; over 150 miles . . , 17 cents; over 300 miles . . , 20 cents; over 500 miles, 25 cents” (quoted in Pratt 1950, xii). Considering the value of a penny in 1801 compared to today, even prosperous Americans did not indulge in trivial letter writing.

Technological knowledge creates opportunities to use these resources, but choices then have to be made of how to use this knowledge. Separating capacity from choice in the historical record of colonial America is beset with difficulties and will continue to exercise future historians and archaeologists. There is increasingly abundant evidence of Native Americans’ full exploitation of animal and fishery resources. We know that Europeans found bountiful opportunities in America to apply their belief that resources were put on earth for humans to use.

B. American Forts (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1977). B. From Market Place to Market Economy (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992). K. The English Atlantic (New York: Oxford University Press, 1986). CHAPTER TWO The American Industrial Revolution JAMES C. WILLIAMS Halfway through the twentieth century, American sociologist Henry Pratt Fairchild (1950) observed that United States Census enumerators in 1900 counted 23 persons who had been alive when the first Census was taken in 1790.

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